World Health Organization(WHO)
The WHO started with the entry into force of our Constitution on 7 April 1948 – a date that we now observe as World Health Day annually. We now have more than 7000 employees from over 150 countries working in 150 country offices, in 6 regional offices and in our Geneva headquarters. The history of systematic statistical disease classification dates back to the nineth century. Early medical statisticians William Farr (1807-1883) and Jacques Bertillon (1851-1922) did groundwork work. In August 1900, the French Government called the first International Conference to amend the Bertillon or International Causes of Death Classification. The next conference was held in 1909, and subsequent conferences were called by the French government in 1920, 1929 and 1938. The WHO Library Historical Collection includes volumes that trace the classification history of the disease.
The International Health Conference held in New York City in 1946 assigned the task of preparing a sixth edition of the International Lists of Diseases and Causes of Death to the Interim Commission of the World Health Organisation. The revision, approved by the International Conference for the Sixth Revision of the Universal Lists of Diseases and Causes of Death, and the First World Health Assembly in 1948, was prepared by an expert committee of the WHO. The Sixth Revision expanded the spectrum of the classification to non-fatal diseases and the WHO remained responsible for the periods .
The Rare Book Collection consists primarily of records collected by the OIHP on
epidemics found in International Sanitary Conventions such as: influenza, cholera, and yellow fever.Also included are articles documenting smallpox, tuberculosis and other diseases that were widespread in the early XX century. Our oldest plague book dates from 1507, when our first epidemiological treatise was written in 1518.
Website design company in kolkata